What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a skin condition that causes severe redness and bumps on the facial skin. It's often concentrated in the middle of the face, especially on the nose and cheeks. Rosacea can also appear on the chin, forehead, and even in other areas. This condition typically occurs in flares — sometimes your skin will be clear and other times you will have a severe rosacea outbreak.
Why does rosacea occur?
Rosacea happens when the tiny blood vessels in your face dilate beyond their normal limit. The reason for the dilation isn't certain, but there are many potential causes, including:
- Follicle irritation
- Demodex (tiny skin mites)
- Sun damage to deeper layers of connective tissues beneath your skin
- Excess H. pylori bacteria in your body
Regardless of the cause of your rosacea, there are often triggers that can help you predict an outbreak.
What are the common rosacea triggers?
Common triggers that might cause rosacea include:
- Consumption of hot foods and beverages as well as alcohol
- Caffeine consumption
- Consumption of spicy foods and dairy products
- Exposure to direct sunlight as well as very hot or cold temperatures
- Stress or anxiety
How is rosacea treated?
Dr. Freeman will create a personalized treatment plan for your rosacea. This may include medications such as:
- Topical medications: creams or gels that you rub over your face each day, which can greatly reduce redness and help improve your comfort
- Oral medications: including antibiotics like tetracycline or anti-acne drugs like Accutane®
- Laser treatment: laser light forces the dilated blood vessels in your face to shrink to their normal size; the treatment is minimally invasive but may cause some brief side effects like swelling and soreness as the rosacea dissipates
Treatment is usually combined with recommended lifestyle adjustments to help you get rosacea under control, such as:
- Avoiding alcohol
- Using non-comedogenic facial care products
- Avoiding any known triggers